Uttar Pradesh has been inhabited by ancestors of current age homo-sapiens dating back to 73 – 85 thousand years. Progressing from the hunter-gatherers nomadic culture the first signs of villages with domesticated cattle’s and agricultural evidences can be found as early as 6000 BC. With a rich heritage of culture, mythology and continuous changes through several dynasties, settlements pre and post multiple invasions through the Gangetic plains Uttar Pradesh has come a long way.
Uttar Pradesh was constituted majorly of ‘The Kosala Kingdom’ and held on to its premier importance through the test of times by being the heartland of the Mughal Dynasty ruled from Agra. It formed a part of ‘North-Western Provinces’ first and later named ‘United Province ‘ on 1st of April 1937 under the British Indian Empire with a shift of capital from Allahabad to Lucknow dating back to 1920. The high court still continues to function from Allahabad with a bench working from Lucknow. Post Indian Independence United Province was recognized as Uttar Pradesh in 1957.
Uttar Pradesh has come a long way from being known as ‘Madhya Desh’ from primordial times when the invaders have to cross it to gain access to enriching states. It now and has always formed a strong part of Indian Democracy with being the most populous state of Indian Republic and shares its border with Rajasthan, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, Uttarakhand, Nepal, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand and Chattisgarh. It contributes 80 seats to the Lok Sabha and 31 seats to the Rajya Sabha of the Indian Parliament. It is also known as an under achieving state despite of providing India with 8 Prime Ministers.
Uttar Pradesh not only means a state from the northern India but it also reflects as an answer to the current communal divides in the present world with a heterogeneous mixture of religion and communities and is revered as the best state to hold brotherhood supreme through its functions and festivals. This is one state where history finds abode in the banks of Ganges and rejuvenates in the morning prayers of all religions.