Uttar Pradesh is one of the states in India with a lot of history attached to it. This state is endowed with rich tourism potential. To boost tourism in the state, the Uttar Pradesh government has developed a ‘Heritage arc’ involving Agra, Lucknow and Varanasi on the lines of the ‘Agra-Jaipur-Delhi triangle’, covering an area of approximately 700 km. It traverses great epochs of Indian history, heritage, art, culture, myriad cuisine and spiritual traditions and runs across the heart of the state.

These three cities are on the banks of three different rivers – Yamuna, Gomti and Ganga respectively. These three cities are also considered as the most heritage-rich cities in the state.

While Agar is considered the synonym of Love around the globe, Varanasi is other name of Peace with it’s ghats and rich spiritual heritage. And when it comes to Joy, which other city could represent it more than city of nawabs, Lucknow. And when these three cities come together with Heritage Arc, they create such a mesmerising aura that it’s actually a timeless conjuration of Love, Peace & Joy.

Agra (Love) is already known around the world for its architectural marvels such as Taj Mahal. Tourists visiting Agra experiences first-hand the magnificence of the Taj Mahal at daybreak, as well as Akbar’s Tomb, the Itmad-au-Daulah, and a typical breakfast of Bedai and Jalebi – all that makes this exhilarating Indian city such a great showcase of Mughal influence. Following important tourist locations around Agra are also part of the arc:

  • Fatehpur Sikri
  • Barsana
  • Bateshwar
  • Chambal Sanctuary
  • Etawah Lion Safari
  • Gokul
  • Nandgram
  • Mathura
  • Vrindavan

Lucknow (Joy) tour is predominantly a celebration of the city’s food – street food, kebabs, Awadhi cooking, as well as an exploration of its poignant tombs and shopping for its typical chikankari fabrics and garments. If the unique factor of Lucknow is to be considered, a single factor can’t be pointed out, which in turn, makes it unique. It is a potpourri of cultural fabrics, mannerism, music, art, dance, cuisine and architecture.As we know Lucknow has a rich history of Nawabi rule and till this day it carries the torch of Nawabi etiquette and manners. Following important tourist locations around Lucknow are also part of the arc:

  • Bithoor
  • Dewa Sharif
  • Dudhwa
  • Katarina Ghat
  • Naimisharanya
  • Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary


Varanasi (Peace) has immense tourism potential. All 84 Ganga ghats of Varanasi have been attracting tourists from all over the world. Each ghat has its own history. Moreover, Kashi (Other name of Varanasi) is also the city of music. Kashi is also considered as the cultural capital of the world. Varanasi is regarded by many within India, as well as outside the country, as the cradle of Hindu religion and this is why it is not unusual to see foreigners thronging to this holy city in search of their knowledge of Hinduism and Sanskrit. If properly implemented this project would start a new dimension in the state’s tourism sector. Following important tourist locations around Varanasi are also part of the arc:

  • Sarnath
  • Vindhyachal
  • Sonbhadra
  • Chunar
  • Kushinagar
  • Kapilvastu
  • Sravasti



The arc covers four wildlife sanctuaries and one national park – the Dudhwa.  Places of diverse religious importance such as Mathura, Deva Sharif and Sravasti are included in the arc. If you are intrested in history – The Heritage Arc in Uttar Pradesh provides you an opportunity to explore the state in all its historical glory from its ancient age to the modern, with the elements of multiple faiths and diverse civilisations.

This crescent signifies the word ‘Heritage’ in all the possible dimensions, ranging from cultural to historical via natural aspects. The three cities, owing to their historical inheritance, can give a glimpse of the ancient world and thus, can prove to be great attractions for the tourists.