River Yamuna is considered one of the holy rivers in India flowing through various cities. Agra is situated on the bank of river Yamuna in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh is one of the renowned cities that are popular for tourism, it has been ranked 24th most popular city in India. Agra is the major tourist destination because of its many outstanding Mughal era buildings and monuments most notable the Taj Mahal, Agra Fort, Fatehpur Sikri. The city was mentioned in the epic Mahabharat. The city hosts several historic prestigious places which upholds the tradition and culture of the city. Agra with its laid-back style of living, architecture, jewellery and handicrafts is one of the remarkable cities in the world, irrespective of caste, religion, and race. If planning for a short trip to Agra set on the following excursion and crave their beauty, architecture.
Taj Mahal: Having its name in one of the seven wonders of world Taj Mahal is the world famous monuments known for its beauty, texture, style, architecture and most important the reason behind the construction of this masterpiece “symbol of love” built by the famous Mughal emperor Shah Jahan for his wife Mumtaz Mahal. The cities entire attraction is grabbed by this monuments, people across the world come to see the grace and feel the pleasant presence of this marble made monument.
Agra Fort: It is a historical fort in the city of Agra. It was the main residence of the emperors of Mughal Dynasty. Built by Mughal emperor Akbar in red sandstone. Agra fort in entered today at the south end, through a low outer wall and gate built by Aurangzeb. Tourist then have tp pass through two of Akbar’s gates, named as Amar Singh and Akbari. Original entrance is through the grander Delhi Gate in the west hall. The fort is embedded with inlay work in white marble. A wooden drawbridge was used to cross the moat and reach the gate from the mainland inside an inner gateway called Hathi Pul. The site is important in terms of architectural history and thus this fort is a must visit.
Fatehpur Sikri: Located in the city of Agra, Fatehpur Sikri is one of the best preserved examples of Mughal architecture in India. Listed among the world heritage sites, ranks among the mostly visited spots in India. It is considered one of the architectural legacies of Emperor Akbar. It consists of beautiful places, halls and mosques. Major monuments in Fatehpur Sikri are:
Buland Darwaza: it ranked among the important monuments in the place. This enormous gateway is unique and the craftsmanship is brilliant. It is made up of red sandstone beautifully carved with marble and granite inlays. On the main gateways an inscription in Persian reads ‘Jesus son of Mary’. This magnificent gate is a must.
Diwan-I-Khas: Literally means the ‘hall of the private audience’ is one of the most orate buildings in Fatehpur Sikri. The most intrinsic thing to see here is the central tower which is also known as the Lotus Throne. Fine details of the stone carving, the pillar which supports a walkway around the 4 corners into a central platform. This hall was basically meant for the people and religious leaders who were summoned for the private meets.
Jodhabai Palace: Alternatively known as Marium-uz-Zamani Palace. This palace was the living quarter of the Mughal queen Jodhabai. Nevertheless this building is one of the important buildings in the complex owing to its amazing architecture.
Tomb of Sheikh Salim Chisti: The tomb of Sheikh Salim Chisti is the most important buildings in the palace complex. It is made up of white carved marble and is one the finest examples of stone carvings mastery. It belongs to the Sufi saint Salim Chisti. In the past it was served as one of the major centre of the sufi movements.
Panch Mahal: It consist of 5 stories built in pyramidal structure and are supported by a total of 176 columns. Pillars are separated with stone carved meshes. All the columns are made up of sandstone. The structure is also called ‘Badgir’. The main purpose of this building is known for theatrical, musical and dance performance.